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Life-threatening storm surge possible as Major Hurricane Ian makes landfall Wednesday

Major Hurricane Ian will bring life-threatening storm surge to portions of Florida.
Justin Ballard
National Hurricane Center
Major Hurricane Ian will bring life-threatening storm surge to portions of Florida.

Hurricane Ian is forecast to bring life-threatening storm surge, flooding rains, strong winds, and even the risk of tornadoes as it makes landfall along the Gulf Coast on Wednesday and crawls toward Northeast Florida.

The early morning update from the National Hurricane Center continues to show a very strong Hurricane Ian off the Gulf Coast, with a landfall expected to occur during the late morning or early afternoon hours Wednesday. Much of the Peninsula is under tropical alerts, with storm surge and flooding expected to make for dangerous conditions across the state through Wednesday and Thursday.

A significant storm surge threat exists across the state as Ian makes its way toward landfall. A Storm Surge Warning is in effect for Tampa Bay, the Lower Florida Keys from Big Pine Key to Key West, the Dry Tortugas, the mouth of the St. Mary's River along the Flagler and Volusia County line, the St. John's River and the Suwannee River southward to Flamingo. These areas are most at risk to life-threatening inundation from rising water moving inland from the coastline.

The storm surge is expected to peak at up to 6 feet in Northeast Florida, according to the National Hurricane Center. The surge could reach between 8 and 12 feet from the middle of Longboat Key to Bonita Beach, with areas south of Bonita Beach to Chokoloskee forecast to experience a 6 to 10 foot storm surge.


While the storm surge risk has decreased somewhat across Tampa Bay from previous forecasts, an estimated 4 to 6 feet of inundation will cause areas of normally dry ground to be covered in salt-water flooding. Since the risk of storm surge is so prominent with Hurricane Ian, residents are encouraged to heed all evacuation orders that are issued.

Storm surge flooding is forecast to be exacerbated by flooding from heavy rainfall, with the Weather Prediction Center placing a high risk for flash flooding from Daytona Beach to Orlando and Tampa on Wednesday. The risk for flooding is forecast to expand by Thursday, likely including places like Jacksonville and Gainesville.

Rainfall from Hurricane Ian is expected to be highest from Jacksonville to Orlando, extending southwestward toward Tampa and Fort Myers. Rainfall estimates in these areas of between 10 and 20 inches are expected, with locally higher amounts possible.

Gov. Ron DeSantis emphasized Wednesday that Northeast Florida’s risk will increase as the storm passes through the state. The biggest risks include strong winds and flooding along the St. Johns River and coastal areas.

"With the projected exit of the state in Volusia County, because of what it's going to do when it gets into the Atlantic, you're going to see impacts all the way up to Nassau County and Duval County," DeSantis said.

Clay, Nassau and St Johns counties all have issued evacuation warnings. As of Wednesday morning Mayor Lenny Curry had not issued any evacuation orders in Duval County.

Winds in Tampa, Orlando, Fort Myers, and Naples are expected to reach above hurricane-force, prompting Hurricane Warnings in these areas. Tropical Storm Warnings are in place along the East Coast of Florida and include Jacksonville, Daytona Beach, West Palm Beach, Miami, and Key West. Other Tropical Storm Warnings stretch along the Forgotten and Nature Coasts, with inland locations like Ocala also being impacted.

Locations under Tropical Storm Warnings — including Jacksonville — are expected to see wind gusts consistently above 40 mph through the duration of Ian. Tropical Storm Watches are in effect for areas that could experience occasional tropical-storm-force wind gusts and include Gainesville.

As with any landfalling tropical cyclone, the risk for tornadoes will be present through the day Wednesday. An "enhanced" risk for tornadoes is expected along the Space Coast on Wednesday. This designation is a level 3 on a 1-to-5 severe weather scale and simply means that more numerous tornadoes are possible. A number of tornado warnings were issued across South Florida on Tuesday, and that is expected to be repeated farther north as Ian makes landfall and slowly pushes northeastward.

Please be aware that tornado warnings during landfalling hurricanes do not typically have a lot of lead time. When a tornado warning is issued, residents are encouraged to seek shelter immediately in the lowest level of their home, placing as many walls between themselves and the outside as possible.

Hurricane Ian is a very large system, spanning hundreds of miles of real estate across the southeastern Gulf of Mexico. This event is forecast to be a long duration one, so residents are encouraged to exercise extreme caution when traveling in the days to come.

Copyright 2022 Storm Center.

Justin Ballard